Of Time And Space
Time is by far the most elusive of concepts to deal with on almost any basis. This is why, I imagine, it's a subject which can be so readily distorted to fulfill the needs & whims of those who wish to convince others of something they've conceived of. Time is a quantity which cannot be contained, and for this reason can only be "measured" once. But at the same time it can only be observed indirectly as a reliable unchanging & independent functional parameter of any event.
It is when it no longer appears to be a reliable & unchanging independent parameter of events that our minds tend to draw emotional & thus wild conclusions about time itself. With some forgetting that the event itself is independent of and has nothing to do with the concept of time or how it is counted. Time is often used to express the limitations and boundaries of events, and it is in this expressionist role that it has been given unrealistic, or perhaps one should say wishful, properties. It's one thing to use it to express the rate of change in the path of some body of matter encountering the FOS density gradient of a planet, but quite another matter, when a simpler explanation exists, to begin to believe that the time-space coordinates of an event could help someone to go back in time to re-observe the event. Variations in the readings of atomic clocks, that have been used in the so called "time experiments", are not proof of time as a fourth dimension that we can go back through to observe events in the past. Even here physical explanations can be given to account for the variations of atomic clock readings.
To many the most famous of all the time experiments were those involving "jet-lagged" atomic clocks. Which in reality were a test of gravitational red-shift (as opposed to motion induced red-shift) with time dilation as a by-product of this effect. And while Einstein viewed this concept of gravitational red-shift as a test of his general theory of relativity it is considered today as evidence of curved space-time (time as a fourth dimension). Simplistically speaking the experiment involved placing atomic clocks aboard aircraft which were then flown either east or west depending upon the apparent distortion in time one wanted to observe. Sounds so simple, and overall it is, but there's a little more to this type of an experiment than first meets the eye.
Gravitational red-shift is a name which actually covers two effects just like the term red-shift which can refer to the blue or red shift of photons in relation to motion, but here the red or blue shift of the photons is due to gravity or more precisely the FOS gradient surrounding a mass. We have in fact already looked at gravitational red-shift but referred to its effects upon photons as an example of photon decay (Chapter 7). The blue-shift component, of a gravitational related shift, induces such a change for the reason that the photon's body is drawn back together because the densest or most conductive region within the FOS is at the head of the photon - thus drawing the rest of its body towards its center via the mechanics of waves. Thereby reducing the photon's wavelength, and thus the photon can be said to be "blue-shifted". The same FOS density gradient that induces such effects upon photons also causes the time dilation spoken of in Einstein's special relativity. In fact the two effects are considered indistinguishable, under the conditions of the experiment we're interested in - for the reason that atomic clocks are based upon a "counter" of a photon signal of a well defined frequency or narrow range of wavelengths of photons.
The idea behind the experiment is based upon the so called twin paradox in special relativity, in which two twins who are separated by one of them taking a trip to another galaxy finds that when the traveler returns home its twin is much older. This is the consequence of the famous time dilation effect, in which the traveler’s clock slowed down relative to the twin's who stayed at home. The clock slowing down as a result of it approaching the speed of light.
As I said before the experiment is actually a little more complex than it first sounds. The reason for this is that there are two effects taking place at once, and because of this one must consider both of them in their calculations for determining the relative consequence of each effect. For the reason that they can offset each other and therefore confuse the observer if one forgets to take this into consideration. The experiment, as I know of it, forces one to not just compare the two clocks to one another, but in fact to compare the two of them with that of an imaginary clock that is theoretically stationary with respect to the center of the Earth. Because a clock stationary at some point on the surface of the Earth is in fact moving at quite a velocity in revolution about the center of it, and therefore ...
[download the draft of the book to read more]
|Note that the pdf version of the
draft for the book has had the diagrams, sketches and pictures removed.
The references to them still exist, and so do notes to the author about
possible errors, missing information, and other general editing
Click on this link Draft of the Book to download a copy of the draft of the book.
|The purpose of this series of
pages introducing "The Dynamic Nature of
the Fabric of Space" is not only to find a publisher to turn this draft
[first posted on the internet on December 1, 2008]
into a book, but it is also to earn enough money to pay off my student
loans, and hopefully raise enough money to initiate the Farm Robot
Project. With any luck, and marketing, I will also be able to fund
robotic under water camera platform and observation posts. These would
be used to both capture images of marine life, and also provide
biologists with another tool to study life in the ocean. Along with
this research, hopefully there will be a few patent spin-offs to
generate additional income to keep the research and projects going.
Presently I'm unable to effectively finance my own projects due to my
student debt to which I'm enslaved to my student loan payments.
Along with finding a publisher I'd like to put out the word to mathematicians, physicists, or at least someone better at calculus & differential equations than me, that I have some ideas on the mathematics for the Fabric of Space atomic model. And that ideally I'd like to collaborate on some of the mathematics while completing the book. This would be a great opportunity for someone to start off their career, as the implications for both chemistry and physics are enormous.
Monthly advertising space, see the following link to the Advertising Sample Page, is available. With preference for repeat customers, and additional spots going to the best, but not necessarily, the highest bidder. The final choice being made at the discretion of Terrance Fidler. Preferred method of payments are bank drafts, e-payments via e-mail address, money orders.